In Health Tips On 26 July 2018
What is diet? Diet is the amount of food consumed by an organism. It means intake of specific nutrients for health management. Every individual has his/her own choice of diet habits either based on one’s own choice or religious concern. Nutrition intake includes minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Dietary habits play a vital role in determining the quality of life lead by a person and health. A particular diet may be choosen from keto, paleo, vegan, gluten free according to our requirements like weight loss or weight gain. Diet usually effects the fat level in the body. It mainly helps to provide an optimal health to our body. Types of diet: There are mainly eight types. Low-Carbohydrate Diet This diet revolves around eating food items having low in carbohydrate like meat, fish, pulse, legumes and other high protein items cutting sugars, pasta etc. Protein consumption is stressed in this diet. Low-Calorie Diet It is a regular diet in which the excess fat in the body is reduced by using excess fat in our body for the production of calories to get energy. I know it sounds complicated but your dietician knows how to execute it. Vegetarian Diet A vegetarian diet consists of no meat. It only includes plant products . It is again classified into four sub diets- Lacto No eggs and meat but can take yoghurt and other dairy products Ovo Same as lacto but no dairy products except eggs. Ovo-lacto Combination of both lacto and ovo. Vegan No meat and animals products including dairy products. 4. Crash Diet It is a diet where no food or liquids are consumed. 5. Detox Diet It is diet where only juices and healthy foods are consumed. 6. Liquid Diet It is a diet where no solid foods can be consumed. Only Liquids like chicken broth, juices and nutritional liquids can be taken in. 7. Gluten-Free Diet It is a diet where protein consumption is completely prohibited. It excludes intake of wheat, rye etc. 8. Paleolithic Diet Also known as the cave-man diet, includes consumption of food available only in the Paleolithic era like raw food and millets etc. The four important types of diets are 1. Keto, 2. Paleo, 3. Gluten-free and 4. Vegan. Keto diet: keto is a low carb diet where ketones in the liver are used to produce energy. It is also known as “low carb high fat diet”. Since the intake of carbs get lower the body goes into a state called “ketosis” so to recover this state ketones are produced by the fats breakage from the liver. The end goal of this diet is to force our body to reduce the fat content in the liver; this is also done through starvation of carbs over calories. Decreased ketone levels help to reduce weight, increase of physical and mental performance and better health. Keto includes intake of meat, leafy vegetables, ground vegetables like cauliflower, spinach, butter and cheese hard, avocado etc. Consumption of grains like wheat, corn, rice ,sugars, fruits like apples, oranges etc, tubers like yam, potato etc. Paleo diet: Also known as “cave-man diet”. It includes eating of food available during the paleothic era that is during the cave man when they first roamed around the planets millions of years ago. In this diet high-fat food and processed foods are eliminated. Usually fruits, vegetables having high vitamins are eaten resulting in weight loss. No nuts and seeds are allowed during this diet. Starters need to exercise on a daily basis for better results in this diet. Vegan Vegan is a person who has no animal products in his/her diet. Animal products include dairy products like meat, eggs, milk, butter, cheese etc. Person following this diet is termed under veganism. Vegans usually don’t consume foods containing aminal products too like cake, cookies etc. Gluten-free Gluten-free diet is a diet excluding protein. Usually gluten is found in grains like wheat, rye, barley and their crossovers. Benefits are good health, increased energy with weight loss. Removing gluten changes intake of fiber, vitamins and some other nutrients. Usually fruits and vegetables can be taken, grains like buckwheat, millet etc can be taken. What is the best diet among these four? Diet is individualistic. It is very difficult to say which diet is the best but the balanced diet is the ideal one. It should comprise of all the important nutrients in the adequate amount. The above mentioned diets can be followed to achieve short term health goals however after achieving your health goals, balanced diet is the one that is sustainable. The article is written by the best dietician in delhi.